History of Rajpot GhorhayWah & GarhShankar City.

Map of Lahore to GarhShankar.

History of Rajpot GhorhayWah & GarhShankar City.
Garhshankar is a city and a municipal council in HoshiarPur district in the state of Punjab, India.

Etymology
The town was founded by Doad king Shankar sahai. Hence the name: Garh (Home of) Shankar (Founders' name).GarhShankar was founded in 1000.AD
by Shankar Sahai Doad, that time king. GarhShankar was converted as a Tehsil by British Govt (1849-1947). Doad is the surname that belongs to Rajpot Caste.
Majority of them live in Block number 22 of GarhShankar, especially in the upper villages of GarhShankar popularly known as BEET. In old times this area was
under one king (Shri Tikka Rana Saheb, Eldest son of the King is normally called Shri Saheb) who controlled all villages from Garhi Mansowal. In 1775, the
Rana of The Ghorewahas conquered Garhshankar, killing the Doad King. Later during the reign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, when he wanted to conquer the
sub-mountainous region of Kandi, the Doads of Mansowal sent fifteen horse riders to help Maharaja Ranjit Singh in order to avenge their massacre by the
Ghorewahas. In return, Maharaja granted the Doads the property of the lands of Mansowal. The British Empire also granted the property of eight villages to
Doad Rajpot of Mansowal. This information is recorded on page 67 in Final Report of Revised Settlement, HoshiarPur District, 1877–1884, by
J. A. L. Montgomery, published 1885,
Calcutta Central Press Co.

After the slaughter of Doads at Garh Shankar, five grandsons of the last Doad King survived. The youngest grandson of the last Doad King, who was
also killed Korewans, was married to a girl from Ajnoha. During the GarhShankar tragedy, the wife of the youngest prince was at her parents’ house in
Ajnoha because she was expecting a baby. She gave birth to a son.

In those days, it was not considered good to keep the son of a daughter in the village. Therefore, when the young prince became an adult in 1800, the
villagers of Ajnoha built a house for him in the land of another village, Panchhat. In the course of time, his cousins, the sons of his two uncles, who were
homeless until then, finally came to live with him in Panchhat. The son of his third uncle, whose name was Ghamandi, also came to live in with him. The
brother of Ghamandi, named Jattu, went to live in Thakarwal. Gurdwara Bhai Tilku Ji opposite railway station is a historic place

Education
GarhShankar is home to a number of educational institutes. A number of schools have recently opened in the city which has provided the students opportunities
to have good education. Some of the notable schools are:
• S.D Public School                                            • SBS National High School
• Doaba Public Senior Secondary School            • Hans Raj Arya High School
• Government Senior Secondary School              • ST. SOLDIER Divine Public School
• Mount Carmel school                                       • Kanya Videyaleya Senior Secondary School
• Malwa collage
BAM Khalsa College provides a variety of bachelor courses in Commerce, Science and Arts.
DAV COLLEGE for Girls provides bachelor courses through PU ang GNDU.

Festivals
In GarhShankar City many festivals and fairs are organized throughout year. Holla Mahalla, Viswkarma Divas, MAHASHIVRATRY & KRISHAN-JANAMASHTAMI
are among the most famous festivals celebrated in this historic City. Especially a big MELA has been organized every year near Janamashtmi known as “Raja Kans ka Mela”.
Raja Kans was uncle of Lord Shri Krishna.A big mella which is known as ROSHNI MELLA celebrated every year in BARA ROZA. The festive of Id is also celebrated
in BARA ROZA.

Other locations connected:
GarhShankar is a city, near the Shivalik Valleys, and having Punjab Himachal border nearby. Distance of Other Notable Places from GarhShankar is as given below:
Nawashahr                (11.1 Km)                          Banga                         (16 Km)
Rahoon                      (18.6 Km)                         Nangal                        (32.4 Km)
Una                           (34 Km)                             Machhiwara               (34.3 Km)
Phagwara                  (40.4 Km)                          AnandpurSahib          (40.9 Km)
HoshiarPur                (42.5 Km)                          Samrala                      (42.7 Km)
Phillaur                      (44 Km)                             Doraha                       (46.3 Km)
Ludhiana                   (47.2 Km)                          Khamanon                  (50.4 Km)
Adampur                   (52 Km)                             Rupnagar                   (52.4 Km)
Ropar                       (52.4 Km)                           Jandiala                     (57.6 Km)
Khanna                     (57.8 Km)                           Alawalpur                 (58.7 Km)
Jhungian                    (14 KM)                             Malkowal/Nanowal   (18.0 KM)
Gadhiwal                   (17KM)  Rana Gajender Chand college for girls.
Harman/Nainman       (26 KM) Birth place of Sardar Ishar Singh, Victoria Medal
Gari Mansowal          (16 KM)  Shri Tikka Sahib Palace in Garhi.
Historical Gurudwara (18KM)
Jalandhar                   (62.5 KM)                             Ludhiana                  (62.8 KM)
Chandigarh                (92 KM)                                Amritsar                   (143 KM)

And some religious places:                           Shri Anandpur Sahib (40 KM)
Mata Naina Devi      (55 KM)                                 Mata Chinta Purni     (85 KM)

Demographics
As of 2001 India census, [1] GarhShankar had a population of 15,094.
                           Males constitute 52% of the population and Females 48%.
                           GarhShankar has an average literacy rate of 73%,
                           higher than the national average of 59.5%:
                           Male literacy is 76%, and Female literacy is 70%.
                           In GarhShankar, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

References
1.  “Census of India 2001:      Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)”.
Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. http://web.archive.org/web/20040616075334/
http://web.archive.org/web/20040616075334/http://www.censusindia.net/results/town.php?stad=A&state5=999>

Cities and Towns in HoshiarPur District
• Dasua • Gardhiwala • GarhShankar • Hajipur • Hariana • HoshiarPur • Mahilpur • Mukerian
• Shamchaurasi • Talwara • Urmar Tanda • Daulatpur

Cities and Towns in other districts
• Amritsar • Barnala • Bathinda • Faridkot • Fatehgarh Sahib • Firozpur • Gurdaspur • Jalandhar • Kapurthala
• Ludhiana • Mansa • Moga • Mohali • Muktsar • Nawanshahr • Patiala • Rupnagar • Sangrur • Tarn Taran

Coordinates:  31°13?00?N 76°08?00?E31.2167°N 76.1333°E
Retrieved from “with THANKS of Wikipedia.org
http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Garhshanker&oldid=461122598/

• This page was last modified on 1st August 2014 at 01:30 Lahore Pk.

By Muhammad Khan Rana s/o Rana Muhammad Akram Khan
    (GhorhayWah Rajpot of GarhShankar Dist HoshiarPur Punjab India)
• Res of     644-2-D1 Quaid E Azam Town 54770 Lahore Punjab Pakistan.
• Contact us:    URL:  www.mkrana.com     Email:  mkrana@mkrana.com
• Contact Mobile: 0300_4660025  0313_4660025  0300_0660025
                            0322_4660025  0331_4660025  0300_8550025

 

   

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